Daniel P. Romero, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology

Daniel P. Romero

Contact Info

romero@umn.edu

Office Phone 612-624-8997

Office Address:
3-128 Nils Hasselmo Hall
312 Church St SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Lab Address:
3-165 Jackson Hall
321 Church St SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology

Graduate Faculty Appointment in Biological Sciences (MBS)

Faculty, MS and PhD Programs in Pharmacology


PhD, Brown University

Research

Research Summary/Interests

Dr. Romero has exploited the unique genetic properties of the ciliated protozoa to study two fundamental and universal processes that are necessary to both maintain the genome's integrity and generate genetic diversity. His research program focuses on both the synthesis of telomeric DNA by telomerase, and the genomic rearrangements that occur during ciliate development. These rearrangements in many ways resemble the immunoglobulin-like rearrangements that occur in mammalian cells.

Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein enzyme whose RNA component serves as a template in the synthesis of telomeric DNA. There is high interest in telomerase because of the intriguing correlation between the events leading to human cell immortalization and the activation of this enzyme. Telomerase activity is detected in nearly all cancerous tumors, whereas it is absent from most normal somatic cells.

In contrast to telomerase from most organisms (including the human enzyme), Dr. Romero's laboratory has shown that Paramecium telomerase synthesizes variable telomeric repeats by making a stereotypical misincorporation error during telomere elongation. They have shown that these errors arise by the same mechanism as those made by HIV-1 reverse transcriptase, an error-prone enzyme that lacks a proofreading exonuclease activity. Understanding the molecular mechanism(s) of variable telomere synthesis by the Paramecium enzyme will shed light on how telomerase from other species are able to maintain high fidelity.

Dr. Romero's research interests include developmentally controlled genome rearrangements, specifically the molecular mechanism(s) of gene amplification. The failure of many antineoplastic drugs to combat human cancers is often due to the amplification of genes that confer resistance to the drug in question. Because of the rRNA gene amplification that occurs as a normal course during their development, the ciliate Tetrahymena is an ideal experimental system to dissect these processes. As a first step in these studies, the highly conserved and ubiquitous DNA recombination factor RAD51 has been isolated and characterized. The phenotypes of recently constructed Tetrahymena strains whose RAD51 gene has been disrupted, with regard to the genome rearrangements and rDNA amplification that occur during development, are currently being explored.

Publications