Detecting synergistic effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions for Alzheimer's disease and related dementia
Problem and Need for the Study
Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementia (AD/ADRD) is a multifactorial and heterogeneous disorder. Most current studies focus on drug interventions for AD/ADRD and currently none of pharmacological intervention (PI) discovery research has been translated into effective treatments. However, increasing evidence demonstrates that non-pharmacological interventions (NPI), such as sleep, diet, dietary supplements, aerobic exercise, aromatherapy, light therapy, cognitive training, are potentially modifiable and thus offer alternative opportunities for AD/ADRD prevention. Thus, the objective of this project is to develop translational informatics approaches to aggregate, standardize and discover the effects of drug and NPI candidates on AD/ADRD using multi-modal data resources (i.e., biomedical literature, EHR, clinical trials) followed by animal model validation.
Innovation and Impact
To achieve our goal, we propose the following aims:
- Constructing a comprehensive Pharmacological And Non- Pharmacological Interventions for Alzheimer's Disease Knowledge Graph (PANIA-KG) from biomedical literature and other knowledge bases
- Detecting, understanding, and visualization of drug repurposing signals of PIs, NPIs, and their synergistical effects for AD/ADRD using the PANIA-KG
- Re-ranking and validating individual and synergistical drug repurposing signals using multimodal data sources and animal models.
The successful completion of this project will deliver a comprehensive NPI knowledge graph, novel informatics approaches, ranked list of drug and NPI candidates, and validated synergistic intervention using multi-modal data sources.
Key Personnel and Performance Sites
University of Minnesota
- Principal Investigator: Rui Zhang
- Co-Investigators: Julian Wolfson (Division of Biostatistics), Ling Li (College of Pharmacy), William Mantyh (Medical School)
UT Health Houston
- Principal Investigator: Hua Xu
This National Institute on Aging Grant is a 5-year, ~$4 million award.
Project dates: 01-September-2022 to 31-May-2027