The Adoption Medicine Clinic strives to educate families and professions about the unique medical and mental health needs of children that have been adopted or placed in foster care.

The R.A.C.E. Worksheet

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Researchers at the University of Minnesota have developed the Routine Anti-Racist Conversations for Early Childhood (R.A.C.E.) Worksheet as an educational tool that explains how to talk about race and ethnicity to children based on their developmental stages. This tool is a 2-page educational document outlining the developmental stage and the parent/caregiver action. Combining many resources on the understanding of race and ethnicity based on developmental stages, this tool is an easy-to-read document with clear action steps for parents/caregivers to take when starting these conversations.

Download the R.A.C.E. Worksheet

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  • Ernst AM, Gimbel BA, de Water E, Eckerle JK, Radke JP, Georgieff MK, Wozniak JR. Prenatal and Postnatal Choline Supplementation in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder. Nutrients Mar 2022; 14(3):688.  
  • Palmer AR, Dahl C, Eckerle JK, Gustafson KL, Spencer MJ, and Kroupina MG. “A case study of the early childhood mental health therapeutic consultation protocol within a specialty multidisciplinary pediatric clinic for adopted and fostered children.” Perspectives in Infant Mental Health. 2022 LINK
  • Stone, K. J. & Jackson, Y. (2021). Linking Foster Family Characteristics and Mental Health Symptoms of Youth in Care. Journal of Child and Family Studies. (LINK)
  • Sarvas, E. W., Eckerle, J. K., Gustafson, K. L., Freese, R. L., & Shlafer, R. J. (2021). Oral health needs among youth with a history of foster care: A population-based study. Journal of the American Dental Association (1939)152(8), 589–595.

Resource Documents