Related Problems

Irritable Larynx Syndrome (ILS)

Irritable Larynx Syndrome (ILS) is a cluster of symptoms not associated with a specific disease process. ILS works in the same way as a mosquito bite: scratching it feels better for a few moments, but in the long run scratching actually makes the itch worse. Learn more.

Laryngo-Pharyngeal Reflux Disorder (LPRD)

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disorder (GERD) occurs when stomach acid makes its way back up the esophagus, causing indigestion, stomach upset, and, especially, heartburn. When symptoms of acid reflux are more apparent in the larynx or pharynx, then the disorder may be called Laryngopharyngeal Reflux Disorder (LPRD). Learn more.

Vocal Cord Dysfunction (VCD)/Functional Breathing Disorders

Vocal Cord Dysfunction (VCD) is a broad and non-specific term, but it is widely used to describe a functional breathing disorder in which the vocal folds come together during inhalation, thus narrowing the airway and making it difficult to inhale. VCD is commonly seen in young athletes who develop symptoms during athletic exertion. These athletes may be incorrectly diagnosed with exercise-induced asthma. Learn more.