Our team conducts both qualitative and quantitative research on the intersections of criminal justice and health. Our work includes a focus on the impacts of maternal incarceration for child health and development, with an intentional focus on the experiences of pregnant women in prison. Other ongoing research projects include using existing youth surveillance data to examine associations between parental incarceration and children’s health and development (e.g., substance use, academic outcomes, mental health), and how juvenile justice involvement relates to youths’ outcomes (e.g., access to health services).
Our research has direct implications for practice and policy, and we regularly work on dissemination products for stakeholders beyond the university.
EFFICACY & COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF DOULA CARE FOR INCARCERATED PREGNANT WOMEN – NICHD R03
Given their increased prenatal risk and likelihood of obstetric complications, providing pregnant incarcerated women with doulas – non-medical birth companions who provide individualized prenatal education and continuous labor support – may improve maternal, fetal, and infant outcomes. We have previously described an innovative community-university-corrections partnership and demonstrated that doula support is a feasible intervention with incarcerated women. In descriptive analyses, we have demonstrated promising maternal and neonatal outcomes among incarcerated women who received doula support, including very low rates of cesarean deliveries and few preterm or low-birth weight infants. The proposed project will utilize a new data source to conduct a rigorous test of the efficacy and assess the cost-benefits of doula care for incarcerated pregnant women. The long-term goal of the proposed project is to create changes in the correctional health care system that promote the health of incarcerated pregnant women and their infants. Thus, the overall objective of this application is to test the efficacy and demonstrate the cost-effectiveness of one-on-one doula support for incarcerated women’s birth outcomes.
IDENTIFYING AND ADDRESSING DISPARITIES IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE AND HEALTH CARE SYSTEMS – UMN GRAND CHALLENGES INITIATIVE
While considerable attention has focused on the causes and consequences of mass incarceration, the majority of the criminal justice population is supervised through community supervision, particularly probation. Minnesota is a leading exemplar of this pattern; while Minnesota has the sixth lowest incarceration rate in the nation, our community supervision rate is the seventh highest. Probation and supervised release violations represent a large share of prison admissions, are a key driver of Minnesota’s rising incarceration rate in recent years, and disproportionately impact people from racial and ethnic minority groups. Individuals involved in the justice system are known to have high rates of chronic disease, mental illness, and substance use disorders. Despite the considerable health risks of those with criminal justice contact, how community-based criminal justice contact intersects with broader health disparities in our communities has been largely ignored. This project aims to use Hennepin County as a strategic case study to better understand the relationships among community supervision, health, and well-being. The team will use a mixed methods approach to understand the health and health care patterns of community supervisees, the impact of individuals’ well-being on completing community supervision requirements, and the impact of health and individuals’ wellbeing on completing community supervision requirements, and the impact of health and criminal justice disparities on communities of color in Minnesota. The work will result in evidence-based policy and programmatic recommendations to help communities achieve lasting changes in health and supervision practices that are more just and equitable.
CENTER FOR RESEARCH AND EVALUATION ON FAMILY HOME VISITING – MINNESOTA DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH
Family home visiting (FHV) is a voluntary, home-based service ideally delivered prenatally through the early years of a child's life. FHV provides social, emotional, health-related and parenting support and information to families, and links them to appropriate resources. The aim of this Center is to develop a comprehensive research and evaluation agenda for the Minnesota Department of Health’s FHV section.
- Training Opportunities
- Laboratory Members
DoGPAH is home to Interdisciplinary Fellowship Programs that bring together a cadre of learners who lend their disciplinary perspective to the intensive shared fellowship experience. Several funding sources support the programs and also provide a range of fellowship focus options.
- Interdisciplinary Research Training in Child & Adolescent Primary Care
- Leadership Education in Adolescent Health (LEAH)
- Sarah Burcher, graduate research assistant
- Laurel Davis, research scientist
- Hannah Mcnamee, graduate research assistant
- Virginia Pendleton, graduate research assistant
- Jennifer Saunders, graduate research assistant
- Elizabeth Shaver, undergraduate research assistant