Cardiovascular Research and Rehabilitation Lab

The CRRL is primarily interested in the autonomic and cardiovascular responses to exercise, how these responses change in chronic cardiovascular and neurological diseases and novel rehabilitative strategies to improve autonomic function and peripheral reflex modulation of blood pressure. Ongoing studies in the laboratory are listed below. 

  • Current Studies
  • Publications
  • Current Studies

    Determining the effects of brain stimulation on heart rate and blood pressure

    Effects of menopause on cardiovascular health in women

    Metabolic rate in individuals with Facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD)

    Sex differences in the cardiovascular responses to afferent stimulation

  • Publications


    Smith, JR, Joyner, MJ, Curry, TB, Borlaug, BA, Keller-Ross, ML, Van Iterson, EH, Olson, TP. In press. Locomotor Muscle Group III/IV Afferents Constrain Stroke Volume and Contribute to Exercise Intolerance in Human Heart Failure. J Physiol.

    Keller-Ross, ML, Chantigian, DP, Nemanich, S, Gillick, BT. In press. Cardiovascular effects of transcranial direct current stimulation and bimanual training in children with cerebral palsy. Pediatric Physical Therapy Journal

    Vera, K, McConville, Kyba, M, Keller-Ross, ML. (2020) Sarcopenic obesity in Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy. Frontiers in Physiology.

    Keller-Ross, ML, Cunningham, HA, Carter, JR. (2020) Impact of age and sex on neural cardiovascular responsiveness to cold pressor test in humans. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. doi: 10.1152/ajpregu.00045.2020 

    Lalande, S. Cross, TT, Keller-Ross, ML, Morris, N, Johnson, BD, Taylor, BJ (2020) Exercise Intolerance in Heart Failure: Central Role for the Pulmonary System. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews. Jan;48(1):11-19.doi: 10.1249/JES.0000000000000208


    Keller-Ross ML, Larson, M, Johnson, BD. Skeletal Muscle Fatigability in Heart Failure (2019). Frontiers in Physiology. Feb 21;10:129. doi:10.3389/fphys.2019.00129.

    Keller-Ross ML, Chantigian DP, Rich TL, Chen M, Chen CY, Gillick BT. Stability of the cardiovascular response during single-pulse TMS in perinatal stroke. (2019) Brain Stimul. pii: S1935-861X(18)30376-0. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2018.11.010. 


    Keller-Ross ML, Chantigian DP, Rich TL, Chen M, Chen CY, Gillick BT. Stability of the cardiovascular response during single-pulse TMS in perinatal stroke. Brain Stimul. (2018) Nov 20. pii: S1935-861X(18)30376-0. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2018.11.010.

    Keller-Ross, ML, Sarkinen, AL, Chantigian, DP, Cross, TJ, Johnson, BD, Olson, TP. Interaction of Chemoreflex and Ergoreflex during Dynamic Exercise in Healthy Adults. (2018). Translational Sports Med.

    Keller-Ross, ML, Chantigian, Dl, Evanoff, N, Bantle, Anne, Dengel, Donald, Chow, Lisa (2018). VE/VCO2 slope in Lean and Overweight Women and Its Relationship to Lean Leg Mass. Int J Cardiol Heart & Vasculature.


    Ann Van de Winckel, Yu-Ting Tseng, Daniel Chantigian, Kaitlyn Lorant, Zinat Zarandi, Jeffrey Buchanan, Thomas A. Zeffiro, Mia Larson, Becky Olson-Kellogg, Jürgen Konczak, Manda L. Keller-Ross (2017). Age-Related Decline of Wrist Position Sense and its Relationship to Specific Physical Training. Front Hum Neuroscie.;11:570.

    Wheatley, Courtney M., Baker, Sarah E, Taylor, Bryan J, Keller-Ross, Manda L. Chase, Steven C, Carlson, Alex R., Wentz, Robert J. Snyder, Eric M, Johnson, Bruce D. Influence of Inhaled Amiloride on Lung Fluid Clearance in Response to Normobaric Hypoxia in Healthy Individuals. (2017) High Altit Med & Biol.; 18:4: 343-354.


    Keller-Ross, ML, Cowl, A, Cross, TJ, Johnson, BD, Olson, TP. (2016). Ventilation Increases with Lower Extremity Venous Occlusion in Young Adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 48 (3): 377-383.


    Keller-Ross, ML, Johnson.BD, Carter, R, Joyner, MJJ, Eisenach, J, Curry, T, Olson, TP. (2015). Improved Ventilatory Efficiency with Locomotor Muscle Afferent Inhibition is Strongly Associated with Leg Composition in Heart Failure. Int J Cardiol, 202: 159-166.

    Cross TJ, Keller-Ross ML, Issa A, Wentz R. Taylor B, Johnson B. (2015). The impact of averaging window length on the desaturation indexes obtained via overnight pulse oximetry at high altitude. Sleep, 38(8): 1331-1334.


    Keller-Ross ML, Joyner, MJ, Johnson, BD, Olson, TP.(2014) Influence of the metaboreflex on arterial blood pressure in heart failure patients. Am Heart J, 167(4):521-8.

    Keller-Ross ML, Pruse, J, Yoon T, Schlinder-Delap B, Harkins, A & Hunter SK. (2014) Stress- Induced increase in muscle fatigability of young men and women is predicted by strength but not voluntary activation. J Appl Physiol, 116(7):767-768.

    Keller-Ross ML, Schlinder-Delap B, Doyel, R, Larson, G & Hunter SK. (2014) Muscle fatigability is greater in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 46(7):1302-13.


    Yoon T, Schlinder-Delap B, Keller ML & Hunter SK (2011b). Supraspinal fatigue impedes recovery from a low-intensity sustained contraction in old adults. J Appl Physiol 112, 849- 858.

    Keller ML, Pruse, J, Yoon T, Schlinder-Delap B, Harkins, A & Hunter SK (2011). Supraspinal Fatigue in men and women during a low force fatiguing contraction. Med Sci Sports Exerc.43, 1873-1883.

    Pereira H, Keller ML (2011). Understanding the mechanisms of neuromuscular fatigue with paired- pulse stimulation. J Physiol 589 (Pt 14), 3533-3544.


    Hoeger Bement M, Weyer A, Keller, ML, Harkins AL, Hunter SK (2010) Anxiety and stress can predict pain perception following a cognitive stress. Physiology & Behavior 101: 87-92.


    Yoon T, Keller ML, Delap BS , Harkins A, Lepers R, & Hunter SK (2009). Sex differences in response to cognitive stress during a fatiguing contraction. J Appl Physiol: respiratory, environmental and exercise physiology 107: 1486-1496.

    Hoeger-Bement M, Rasiarmos R, DiCapo R, Lewis A, Keller ML, Harkins A, Hunter S (2009). The Role of the Menstrual Cycle Phase In Pain Perception Before and After an Isometric Fatiguing Contraction. Eur J Appl Physiol 106: 105-112. (PMID:19189119).



Office Address:
Division of Physical Therapy
University of Minnesota
603 Children's Rehab Center
MMC 388
420 Delaware St. SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455