Michael Howell

Professor and Vice Chair of Education & Faculty Affairs
Division Director, Sleep Medicine
Director, Neurology Clerkship


Dr. Howell is a Professor and the Division Head of Sleep Medicine in the Department of Neurology and dedicated to developing novel strategies to improve brain function and sleep health. He is the Director of the Sleep Performance Training for Athletes Program at M Health Fairview, helping elite athletes and sports teams optimize their performance through better sleep and circadian health. He is also the Vice-Chair for Education and Faculty Affairs in the Department of Neurology.   

Research Summary

Dr. Howell's research interests include characterizing the relationship between sleep and neurological disorders, and determining whether these processes are reversible with current or experimental therapies. His research is funded by the National Institutes for Health and current projects include: sleep in neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinsons's disease, the development of novel treatments for hypersomnias including narcolepsy and related conditions, and the development of novel strategies to improve the sleep health for organizations and populations.


MD, University of North Dakota
Major: School of Medicine
BS, University of North Dakota
Major: Biology

Fellowships, Residencies, and Visiting Engagements

Sleep Medicine Fellowship, Fellowship
Hennepin County Medical Center
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
Neurology Residency, Residency
University of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States
Intern, Internship
University of North Dakota
Grand Forks, North Dakota, United States

Licensures and Certifications

Certificate in Neurology, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
Licensure/Certification Number: 54489
Certificate in Sleep Medicine, American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology
Licensure/Certification Number: 514
Selected Publications

Selected Publications

Howell MJ, Mahowald MW, Gomez CM, Neurology. Evaluation of sleep and daytime somnolence in spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) 66 1430-1431.
Howell, MJ, Avidan, AY, Foldvary-Schaefer, N, Malkani, RG, During, E, McCarter, S, Roland, J, Carandang, G, Kannan, R, Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Management of REM Sleep Behavior Disorder: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Systematic Review, Meta-Analysis, and GRADE Assessment
Howell MJ, Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Did Osama bin Laden have sleep disordered breathing? 7 (5): 561.
Howell MJ, Schenck CH, Curr Treat Options Neurol. Treatment of nocturnal eating disorders 11 333-339.
Rener-Sitar K, John MT, Bandyopadhyay D, Howell MJ, Schiffman EL, 2014. Health Qual Life Outcomes. Exploration of dimensionality and psychometric properties of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index in cases with temporomandibular disorders 12 (1): 10.
Howell MJ, Schenck CH, Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Restless Nocturnal Eating: A Common Feature of Willis-Ekbom Syndrome (RLS) 8 (4): 413-419.
Bluett B, Pantelyat AY, Litvan I, Ali F, Apetauerova D, Bega D, Bloom L, Bower J, Boxer AL, Dale ML, Dhall R, Duquette A, Fernandez HH, Fleisher JE, Grossman M, Howell M, Kerwin DR, Leegwater-Kim J, Lepage C, Ljubenkov PA, Mancini M, McFarland N, Moretti P, Myrick E, Patel P, Plummer LS, Rodriguez-Porcel F, Rojas J, Sidiropoulos C, Sklerov M, Sokol LL, Tuite PJ, VandeVrede L, Wilhelm J, Wills AA, Xie T, Golbe L, 2021. Front Neurology. Best Practices in the Management of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy and Corticobasal Syndrome: A Consensus Statement of the CurePSP Centers of Care 12 694872.
Howell MJ, Schenck C, JAMA Neurology. Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder and Neurodegenerative Disease 72 (6): 707-712.
Vossel, K, Ranasinghe, K, Beagle, AJ, La, A, Ah Pooh, K, Castro, M, Mizuiri, D, Honma, S, Venkateswaran, N, Koestler, M, Zhang, W, Mucke, L, Howell, MJ, Possin, KL, Kramer, JH, Boxer, AL, Miller, BL, Nagarajan, S, Kirsch, HE, JAMA Neurology. Efficacy of Levitiracetam for Network Hyperexcitability in Alzheimer’s disease (LEV-AD) 78 (11): 1345-1354.
Summers, R, Rafferty, MR, Howell, MJ, MacKinnon, CD, Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair. Motor dysfunction in REM sleep behavior disorder: a rehabilitation framework for prodromal synucleinopathy 35 (7): 611-621.
Patriat, R, Pisharady, PK, Huffmaster, SA, Linn-Evans, M, Howell, M, Chung Jae Woo, Petrucci, MN, Videnovic, A, Holker, E, Dekam, J, Tuite, P, Lenglet, C, Harel, N, MacKinnon, C, 2022. Brain Communications. White matter microstructural differences in Parkinson’s disease with and without elevated REM sleep muscle tone 4 (2):
Morris, EE, Howell, MJ, Pickup, E, Iber, C, Wang, SG, 2022. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Pediatric sleep and pain: etiologies, consequences, and clinical considerations 18 (9): 2281-2289.
Verma, AK, Acosta Lenis, SF, Aman, JE, Sanabria, DE, Wang, J, Pearson, A, Hill, M, Patriat, R, Schrock, LE, Cooper, SE, Park, MC, Harel, N, Howell, MJ, MacKinnon, CD, Vitek, JL, Johnson, LA, NPJ Parkinsons Dis. Basal ganglia engagement during REM sleep movements in Parkinson’s disease 8 (1): 116.
Kwon Y, Kazaglis L, Cho Y, Howell MJ, Mahowald MW, Sleep Biol Rhythms. Test-Retest Reliability of Two Consecutive Mean Sleep Latency Tests in Patients with Hypersomnia 15 337-339.
Caples SM, Anderson WM, Calero K, Howell MJ, Hashmi SD, 2021. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Use of Polysomnography and Home Sleep Apnea Tests for the Longitudinal Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Adults. An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Position Paper. (6): 1287-1293.
McCarter SJ, Howell MJ, Mayo Clin Proc. Importance of Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder to the Primary Care Physician 91 1460-1466.
Teigen LN, Sharp RR, Hirsch JR, Campbell E, Timm PC, Sandness DJ, Feemster JC, Gossard TR, Faber SM, Steele TA, Rivera S, Junna MR, Lipford MC, Tippmann-Peikert M, Kotagal S, Ju Y, Howell M, Schenck CH, Videnovic A, Jennum P, Hogl B, Stefani A, Arnulf I, , Heidbreder A, Lewis S, McCarter SJ, Boeve BF, Silber MH, St Louis EK, Sleep Med. Specialist approaches to prognostic counseling in isolated REM sleep behavior disorder 79 107-112.
Howell MJ, Current Obesity Reports. Restless Eating, Restless Legs, and Sleep Related Eating Disorder 3 108-113.
Irfan M, Schenck CH, Howell MJ, Neurotherapeutics. NonREM Disorders of Arousal and Related Parasomnias: an Updated Review 18 (1): 124-139.
Howell MJ, Neurotherapeutics. Parasomnias: an updated review 9 (4): 752-775.
Amundsen Huffmaster SL, Petrucci MN, Linn-Evans ME, Chung LW, Howell MJ, Videnovic A, Tuite PJ, Cooper SE, Mackinnon CD, J Parkinsons Dis. REM sleep without atonia and Gait Impairment in People with Mild to Moderate Parkinson’s Disease 11 (2): 767-778.
Howell MJ, Arneson PA, Schenck CH, Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. A novel treatment for REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) 7 (6): 639-644.
Linn-Evans ME, Petrucci MN, Amundsen Huffmaster SL, Chung LW, Tuite PH, Howell MJ, Videnovic A, Mackinnon CD, Clinical Neurophysiology. REM sleep without atonia is associated with increased rigidity in patients with mild to moderate Parkinson’s disease 131 (8): 2008-2016.
Allison KC, Lundgren JD, O’Reardon JP, Geliebter A, Gluck ME, Vinai P, Mitchell JE, Schenck CH, Howell MJ, Crow SJ, Engel S, Latzer Y, Tzischinsky O, Mahowald MW, Stunkard AJ, 2010. Int J Eat Disord. Proposed diagnostic criteria for night eating syndrome 43 (3): 241-247.
Mangia S, Svatkova A, Mascali D, Nissi M, Burton P, Bednarik P, Auerbach E, Giove F, Eberly L, Howell MJ, Nestrasil I, Tuite PJ, Michaeli S, Front Neurosci. Multi-Modal Brain MRI in Subjects with PD and iRBD 12 446.
Howell MJ, Schenck CH, Crow SJ, Sleep Medicine Reviews. A review of nighttime eating disorders 13 (1): 23-24.
Irfan M, Schenck CH, Howell MJ, Continuum. Non-Rapid Eye Movement Sleep and Overlap Parasomnias 23 1035-1050.
Yu GY, Howell MJ, Roller MJ, Xie TD, Gomez CM, Annals of Neurology. Spinocerebellar ataxia type 26 maps to chromosome 19p13.3 adjacent to SCA6 57 (3): 349-354.
Howell MJ, Avidan AY, Foldvary-Schaefer N, Malkani RG, During E, McCarter S, Roland J, Carandang G, Kannan R, Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. Management of REM Sleep Behavior Disorder: An American Academy of Sleep Medicine Clinical Practice Guideline Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine,



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