Daniel R. Bond, PhD

Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology

Daniel R. Bond

Contact Info


Office Phone 612-624-8619

Lab Phone 612-624-8524

Mailing Address:
Biotechnology Institute
Room 140 Gortner Laboratory
1479 Gortner Avenue
St. Paul, MN 55108

PhD, Cornell University


Research Summary/Interests

Physiology and functional genomics of dissimilatory metal-reducing bacteria; Microbial interactions with electrodes

Microorganisms that can transfer electrons to extracellular electron acceptors such as insoluble Fe(III) and Mn(VI) oxides play an important role in the ecology and geochemistry of sedimentary and subsurface environments. They produce geologically significant minerals such as magnetite, serve as models for metabolism on ancient Earth, the deep subsurface and possibly other planets, catalyze bioremediation of environments contaminated with petroleum, and bioprecipitate toxic metals such as uranium.

Bacteria able to transfer electrons to metals can be harnessed in technologies that require the precision of enzymes and the adaptability of live organisms. Thus, electricity can be produced directly from wastewater, specific compounds can be synthesized at electrode surfaces, and chemicals can be detected in complex mixtures. We seek to invent new tools able to explore this interface between biology and electricity, identify the molecular basis for this metabolism, and develop novel applications for these organisms.


  • Bond D.R., Mester T., Nesbo C.L., Izquierdo-Lopez A.V., Collart F.L., Lovley D.R.. 2005. Characterization of citrate synthase from Geobacter sulfurreducens and evidence for a family of citrate synthases similar to those of eukaryotes throughout the Geobacteraceae. Appl Environ Microbiol. 71(7):3858-65.
  • Gregory, K. Bond, D. R., and D. R. Lovley. 2004. Graphite electrodes as electron donors for anaerobic respiration. Environ. Micro. 6:596-604.
  • Bond, D. R., and D. R. Lovley. 2003. Electricity production by Geobacter sulfurreducens attached to electrodes. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 69(3):1548-55.
  • Tender, L. M, C. E. Reimers, H. A. Stecher III, D. E. Holmes, D. R. Bond, D. A. Lowy, K. Pilobello, S. Fertig, and D. R. Lovley. 2002. Harnessing microbial power generation on the seafloor. Nature Biotech. 20:821-825.
  • Bond, D. R., Holmes, D. E., Tender, L.M., and D. R. Lovley. 2002. Electrode-reducing microorganisms harvesting energy from marine sediments. Science. 295:483-485.
  • Bond, D. R. and D. R . Lovley. 2002. Reduction of Fe(III) oxide by methanogens in the presence and absence of extracellular quinones. Environ. Micro. 4:115-124.