April Wilhelm, MD, MPH

Assistant Professor, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health

April Wilhelm

Contact Info


Office Phone 651-772-3461

MD, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University

United Family Medicine Residency

University of Minnesota, Interdisciplinary Research Training in Child and Adolescent Primary Care


April Wilhelm, MD, MPH, is a faculty physician and clinician-researcher at the University of Minnesota St. John’s Hospital Family Medicine Residency. Prior to joining the faculty, she completed an interdisciplinary fellowship in child and adolescent primary care research at the University of Minnesota. Her research program centers on promoting healthy behaviors among adolescents in refugee and immigrant communities and adolescent tobacco prevention.


Adolescent health, refugee/immigrant health, adolescent tobacco prevention

Professional Associations

  • American Academy of Family Physicians
  • Gold Humanism Honor Society
  • North American Primary Care Research Group
  • Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine
  • Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
  • Society for Prevention Research


Research Summary/Interests

Adolescent tobacco prevention; refugee/immigrant health; health equity, social determinants of health


Wilhelm AK, Allen ML, Pratt RJ. Belonging to Three Worlds: Somali Adolescent-Parent Relationships in the United States and Implications for Tobacco Prevention. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2022 Mar 19;19(6). doi: 10.3390/ijerph19063653. PubMed PMID: 35329340; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8953780.

Wilhelm AK, Kingsbury JH, Eisenberg ME, Shyne M, Helgertz S, Borowsky IW. Local Tobacco 21 Policies are Associated With Lower Odds of Tobacco Use Among Adolescents. Nicotine Tob Res. 2022 Mar 1;24(4):478-483. doi: 10.1093/ntr/ntab200. PubMed PMID: 34725700.

Schwedhelm MC, Wilhelm AK, Bigelow M, Bates N, Vibar TM, Ortega L, Allen ML. What is sustainable participatory research? A narrative inquiry into a school-university partnership. Educational action research. 2021 December. doi: 10.1080/09650792.2021.2007783.

Wilhelm AK, Pratt RJ, Allen ML. Key Informant Perspectives on Somali Adolescent Tobacco Use: Contextualizing Influences and Prevention Opportunities. Health Educ Behav. 2021 Oct 29;:10901981211052892. doi: 10.1177/10901981211052892. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 34713744.

Wilhelm AK, Schwedhelm M, Bigelow M, Bates N, Hang M, Ortega L, Pergament S, Allen ML. Evaluation of a school-based participatory intervention to improve school environments using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. BMC Public Health. 2021 Sep 3;21(1):1615. doi: 10.1186/s12889-021-11644-5. PubMed PMID: 34479533; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC8414723.

Wilhelm AK, Parks M, Eisenberg ME, Allen ML. Patterns of tobacco use and related protective factors among Somali youth in the United States. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 2020: 1-10. Epub ahead of print. DOI: 10.1007/s10903-020-01013-6

Wilhelm AK and Allen ML. “Social Determinants of Health for Racially and Ethnically Diverse Adolescents.” Promoting Health Equity Among Racially and Ethnically Diverse Adolescents: A Practical Guide, edited by Barkley L et al, Springer International Publishing, 2019, 13-28.

Wilhelm AK, McRee AL, Bonilla ZE, Eisenberg ME. Mental health in Somali youth in the United States: the role of protective factors in preventing depressive symptoms, suicidality, and self-injury. Ethnicity and Health, 2018: 1-24. DOI: 10.1080/13557858.2018.1514451.

Wilhelm AK, Jacobson DJ, Baker K, Guzman-Corrales L, Njeru J, Wieland M, Boehm D. Regional variation in diabetic outcomes by language and country-of-origin in an urban safety net hospital. Journal of Community Health, 2016; 41(4): 798-804. DOI: 10.1007/s10900-016-0155-0

MacNamara M, Wilhelm A, Dy G, Andiman S, Landau C, Poshkus M, Feller E. Promoting quality care for recently resettled populations: curriculum development for internal medicine residents. Journal of Graduate Medical Education, 2014; 6(2): 310-4. DOI: 10.4300/JGME-D-13-00170.1.


Board Certifications


Clinical Interests

Reproductive health; adolescent health; healthy lifestyle promotion; chronic disease management