Weight stigmatizing experiences associated with disordered eating behaviors
MINNEAPOLIS/ST. PAUL (03/21/2023) — Published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, researchers from the University of Minnesota Medical School found positive parenting and family factors were associated with reduced risk for disordered eating behaviors but did not lessen the influence of weight-stigmatizing experiences on disordered eating in young people. Weight stigmatizing experiences — like weight teasing and hurtful weight-related comments — were associated with higher prevalence of disordered eating behaviors.
“The reason for our findings may be that structural weight stigma — like the normalization of unrealistic body ideals — is a strong socio-environmental stressor for young people,” said Laura Hooper, PhD, RD, a postdoctoral research fellow at the U of M Medical School. “In this context, positive family and parenting factors may help alleviate this stressor, but cannot completely protect young people from the negative effects of overt weight-stigmatizing experiences.”
The study, conducted with researchers from the U of M School of Public Health and University of Connecticut, analyzed experiences on disordered eating behaviors in Project EAT 2010-2018 — an ethnically, racially, and socioeconomically diverse sample of adolescents recruited from the Twin Cities. They found weight-stigmatizing experiences were very common in adolescents:
- 27% reported peer weight teasing
- 24% reported family weight teasing
- 42% reported hurtful weight-related comments from family members
Further research should aim to understand what specific practices are most helpful for parents seeking to support their child who is experiencing weight stigma.
Funding was provided by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (R01HL127077 and R35HL139853), National Institutes of Health’s National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (TL1R002493 and UL1TR002494) and the National Institute of Mental Health (T32 MH082761).
Photo credit: Photo by Any Lane from Pexels.
About the University of Minnesota Medical School
The University of Minnesota Medical School is at the forefront of learning and discovery, transforming medical care and educating the next generation of physicians. Our graduates and faculty produce high-impact biomedical research and advance the practice of medicine. We acknowledge that the U of M Medical School, both the Twin Cities campus and Duluth campus, is located on traditional, ancestral and contemporary lands of the Dakota and the Ojibwe, and scores of other Indigenous people, and we affirm our commitment to tribal communities and their sovereignty as we seek to improve and strengthen our relations with tribal nations. For more information about the U of M Medical School, please visit med.umn.edu.