Anthony Killeen

Ellis S. Benson Professor


Dr. Killeen is Director of Clinical Laboratories at the University of Minnesota Medical Center, Fairview, Vice Chair for Clinical Affairs in the Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, and a member of the Division of Molecular Pathology and Genomics. He also chairs the College of American Pathologists' Committee on Laboratory Accuracy Surveys and the Instrumentation Resource Committee. The committee monitors the quality of laboratory assays across the country through the distribution, collection and analysis of proficiency testing specimens and brings problems it identifies to the attention of the clinical pathology community.  Dr. Killeen conducts his clinical research through ARDL, a central laboratory for large-scale clinical trials. He is the Principal Investigator for the central laboratory activities of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT), an NIH-funded multi-center, randomized clinical trial designed to test whether a treatment program aimed at reducing systolic blood pressure to a lower goal than currently recommended (<120 mm Hg rather than <140 mm Hg) will reduce cardiovascular disease risk. Some 9,300 research subjects have been enrolled in the seven-year study, which ends in 2018. SPRINT investigators believe the study will provide important information on the risks and benefits of intensive blood pressure treatment targets in a range of high-risk participants including those with prior cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and those age 75 years or older.

Research Summary


Stoffel M, Greene DN, Beal SG, Foley P, Killeen AA, Shafi H, Terrazas E.  Direct-to-Consumer Testing for Routine Purposes. Clin Chem. 2022 Sep 1;68(9):1121-1127. doi: 10.1093/clinchem/hvac106. PMID: 35971633.

SPRINT Research Group; Lewis CE, Fine LJ, Beddhu S, Cheung AK, Cushman WC, Cutler JA, Evans GW, Johnson KC, Kitzman DW, Oparil S, Rahman M, Reboussin DM, Rocco MV, Sink KM, Snyder JK, Whelton PK, Williamson JD, Wright JT Jr, Ambrosius WT. Final Report of a Trial of Intensive versus Standard Blood-Pressure Control. N Engl J Med. 2021 May 20;384(20):1921-1930. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1901281. PMID: 34010531.

Garimella PS, Lee AK, Ambrosius WT, Bhatt U, Cheung AK, Chonchol M, Craven T, Hawfield AT, Jotwani V, Killeen A, Punzi H, Sarnak MJ, Wall BM, Ix JH, Shlipak MG. Markers of kidney tubule function and risk of cardiovascular disease events and mortality in the SPRINT trial. Eur Heart J. 2019 Nov 1;40(42):3486-3493. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehz392.

Ginsberg C, Craven TE, Chonchol MB, Cheung AK, Sarnak MJ, Ambrosius WT, Killeen AA, Raphael KL, Bhatt UY, Chen J, Chertow GM, Freedman BI, Oparil S, Papademetriou V, Wall BM, Wright CB, Ix JH, Shlipak MG; SPRINT Research Group. PTH, FGF23, and Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering in Chronic Kidney Disease Participants in SPRINT. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol. 2018 Dec 7;13(12):1816-1824. doi: 10.2215/CJN.05390518.

Malhotra R, Craven T, Ambrosius WT, Killeen AA, Haley WE, Cheung AK, Chonchol M, Sarnak M, Parikh CR, Shlipak MG, Ix JH; SPRINT Research Group. Effects of intensive blood pressure lowering on kidney tubule injury in CKD: A longitudinal subgroup analysis in SPRINT. Am J Kidney Dis. 2018 Sep 28. pii: S0272-6386(18)30879-5. doi: 10.1053/j.ajkd.2018.07.015.

Danni Li, Angela Radulescu, Rupendra T. Shrestha, Matthew Root, Amy B. Karger, Anthony A. Killeen, James S. Hodges, Shu-Ling Fan, Angela Ferguson, Uttam Garg, Lori J. Sokoll, Lynn A. Burmeister. Association of biotin ingestion with performance of hormone and nonhormone assays in healthy adults. JAMA 2017.;318(12):1150-1160.doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13705.

Killeen AA: The Clinical Laboratory in Modern Healthcare. In Kasper D, Fauci A, Longo D, Hauser S, Jameson J, Loscalzo J (eds): Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine, 19th Edition, 2015.


PhD, University of Minnesota (Pathobiology), 1990
MD, University College, Galway, Ireland, 1983

Fellowships, Residencies, and Visiting Engagements

Hennepin County Medical Center and Mount Sinai Hospital (Internal Medicine), 1985,
University of Minnesota (Pathology), 1991,
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology

Licensures and Certifications

Molecular Diagnostics,
Clinical Molecular Genetics,
Clinical and Chemical Pathology,



MMC 609 Mayo
, 420 Delaware SE
, Minneapolis, MN 55455