EMMD 7512

Bedside Ultrasound


Alejandra Melgarejo
Course Coordinator


Curriculum focus: 
Clinical level: 
MS year: 
Terms offered: 


    *For AY 2020-2021, this course did not qualify for hands on classification until SP2 of 2021. The course will continue to qualify for hands on classification in the 21-22 AY and beyond.*

    Catalog Description: This 4-week elective will allow students to explore bedside ultrasound using the SonoSim virtual ultrasound program. Included in this program are anatomy and physiology review, clinical simulations, procedural simulations and numerous formative and summative exams which evaluate ultrasound knowledge and image recognition. Students receive a probe kit that attaches to a computer, giving students the opportunity to acquire ultrasound images using the SonoSim program. They will also be mentored throughout the rotation one-on-one with emergency medicine residents from either Hennepin Healthcare and Regions Hospital. Additionally, students will join EM residents and ultrasound attendings, for a minimum of 9 clinical shifts, performing clinical ultrasounds in the Emergency Departments of Hennepin Healthcare and Regions Hospital. This is a hands-on course that requires much more than just knowledge obtained from lectures or videos. While actual ultrasound images can be relatively easy to interpret, obtaining them takes skill which takes practice.  Physicians may ultimately obtain similar images but their approach and technique will certainly vary.  Successful teaching is the sharing of these approaches and techniques and general wisdom.  This is best obtained by working clinically with a number of physicians who have mastered point-of-care ultrasound.

    Sites:  Students will do 5 shifts at each of the following sites:

    • HC: Hennepin County Medical Center, 701 Park Ave. South, Minneapolis, MN 55415
    • RH: Regions Hospital, 640 Jackson St., St. Paul, MN 55101

    Required session attendance:

    Typical weekly schedule/Delivery Mode: M-S, varied shifts, including days, evenings and overnights, working directly with physicians, residents and patients

    Direct patient care: Yes, beginning in SP2 of 2021

    Consent Requirement: Open to Student Scheduling

    Course Objectives: By the end of this rotation, students will be able to:

    • Understand the basic physics and principles of application
    • Begin developing an ability to acquire standard images and to recognize pathology related to the following core applications:
    • FAST (Focused Assessment with Sonography in Trauma) as it relates to trauma and undifferentiated hypotension
    • Cardiac as it relates to tamponade and gross cardiac function
    • Aorta/AAA as it relates to undifferentiated hypotension
    • Identification of early intrauterine pregnancy via transabdominal sonography
    • Cannulation of blood vessels under ultrasound guidance
    • Become familiar with other common applications such as biliary, urinary tract, deep venous thrombosis of the extremity, soft-tissue/musculoskeletal, thoracic, ocular and procedural guidance
    • Develop an understanding of the limitations of bedside ultrasound

    Graded Components: 

    • Clinical Assessment by the attending
    • Online Module Mastery Exams

    Grading Scale: H/E/S/N


    Course Personnel:  Dr. Rob Reardon, Co-Director

    Allow repetition of course:  Repetition not allowed

    Limited to Student Type: No

    Course equivalency: N/A

    Related curricular experience:

    Secure Exam:

    Course evaluation: